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How to Determine Your Skin Type

Emoni Rochelle

What type of Skin do I have?

One of the most important parts of caring for your skin is understanding your skin type and how it can be affected by different circumstances. If your skin is oily, using cleansers or exfoliants that are too harsh can send your skin the signal that it needs to produce more oil. Conversely, if you have dry skin, using moisturizers that are too heavy can cause your skin to reduce it’s natural oil production, resulting in even drier skin. Therefore taking the time to learn your skin’s needs will help you to choose the right products, resulting in clear, balanced and healthier skin.

While every person’s skin is slightly different, there are a few common skin types you can use as a guide to determine where your skin fits the best. The three most common skin types are known as Oily, Normal/Combination and Dry.

Skin Types

skin type

Dry Skin

If you have dry skin, you likely experience tightness and flakiness throughout the day. Dry skin may be caused by a number of factors including genetics, environment/climate, lifestyle and hormones. Diet, in particular, can make a huge difference in the look and feel of your skin. Dehydration is the most common cause of dry skin, therefore be sure to drink enough water throughout the day (atleast eight cups!). Also, try to avoid drinks that contain caffeine and alcohol as they rid the body of excess water.

Gentle exfoliation is very effective for dry skin because it helps to polish away dead skin cells, allowing your skin to fully absorb moisturizers and treatments. Exfoliation also promotes cell regeneration without the use of harsh chemicals that can strip your skin of its natural oils. When you’re shopping for moisturizers, look for ingredients such as hyaluronic acid (also known as sodium hyaluronate) and glycerine which help your skin to attract and retain moisture. Also, emollients such as squalane and natural oils help to hydrate and smooth the skin. For this, I would recommend using a face oil in the morning and at night. One great oil to use is the Fracora Essence Oil Serum.  This treatment contains 9 nutrient-rich oils and plant extracts formulated to moisturize, brighten and smooth the skin.

Normal/Combination Skin

skin type

People with normal/combination skin often experience dryness in certain areas, namely the cheeks, and oiliness in the t-zone (forehead, nose, chin and under the eyes). This makes it important to have a moisturizer substantial enough to moisturize where needed, but light enough to balance the skin. Moisturizers with a gel-like consistency tend to do well with normal/combination skin types as they absorb quickly will not clog the pores. For this, I would recommend the Hadalabo Tokyo Skin Plumping Gel Cream. The light consistency of this gel-cream will help to evenly hydrate all areas of the face, while not overwhelming the skin. When moisturizing, it’s important to start with a small amount and add more as needed. Gentle exfoliation is also effective for normal/combination skin types because it helps to balance out the oily and dry areas.

Oily Skin

skin type

Clogged pores is the main woe of oily skin as it tends to cause frequent breakouts. One way to help with this is to use gentle chemical exfoliatiants which help to remove excess sebum within the pores and promote cell regeneration.

Oily skin is also prone to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, a condition in which which dark spots appear after a breakout has healed. Exfoliation helps to lighten these areas by polishing away the outermost layers of the skin and promoting cell growth.  Because oily skin is sensitive to hyperpigmentation, try to avoid ingredients such as ground nuts and other rough exfoliants, as they can tear at the skin. Also, look for for treatments that contain anti-bacterial ingredients- this will help to heal breakouts and prevent new ones.

Benefits

While oily skin requires constant care, it does have it’s benefits. Because of it’s natural ability to produce moisture, oily skin tends to look younger and more full, making it less prone to fine lines and wrinkles.

Conclusion

Knowing your skin type allows you to make the best product choices for your skin. Remember, our skin’s needs can change with the weather, our lifestyle, or simply as we get older. Therefore it’s important to check your skin regularly to determine if any changes are needed to your skin care routine.


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